Don’t Forget: Digital Assets Are Now Essential to Estate Planning

Written by: Sonja V. Hayes, J.D., LL.M, M.B.A., CLU, BFA™

Dec 21, 2021 Share This 


12.21_Digital Assets-Estate-Planning

There are many details to consider when helping a client set up a will or estate plan, from assigning an executor or power of attorney, to choosing beneficiaries, to setting up a trust and more. 

The process of creating any good estate plan includes taking an inventory of valuable assets that will need to be managed or dispersed upon someone’s death, including:

  • Real estate
  • Investment accounts, cash, stocks and bonds
  • A business or intellectual property
  • Personal property such as jewelry, vehicles, artwork and furniture

Often, miscellaneous items or heirlooms that may not hold great monetary value but have significant meaning to individual family members are also included in estate planning.

Not that long ago, a list like that was considered to be a relatively comprehensive view of assets that warranted inclusion in a will or estate plan. Today, even as internet use and online accounts have become an everyday part of life for most clients, it can be easy to overlook or dismiss digital assets in your inventory. But including them as part of your estate planning approach is vitally important.

Examples of Digital Assets

Ninety-three percent of Americans are now internet users — and younger generations report even higher levels of internet use, rising as high as 99% among 18- to 29-year-olds.1 The many daily online activities they’re engaged in leave trails of data and often involve multiple accounts on various platforms, which may include:

  • Email or other electronic communications
  • Social media sites, blogs or website domains
  • Rewards programs for credit cards, hotels, travel, etc.
  • Online shopping sites
  • Financial accounts, including payment services, online banking and cryptocurrencies
  • Cloud-based file storage of photos, videos, music, etc.
  • Business data, including CRM databases, trade secrets, financials, and other confidential information

It’s estimated that most Americans have between 70 and 80 passwords for various online accounts.2 However, many people don’t create a list of those digital assets for other trusted individuals to manage in the event of death or incapacitation. That puts those assets at risk of being out of reach.

Why Digital Assets Matter

It’s one thing for beneficiaries to not have access to a deceased loved one’s unfinished manuscript, family photos or videos, or to have the ability to manage a social media profile, as those digital assets may hold more sentimental value than monetary value. Consider, however, that a client may have opted to go paperless and manage the majority of their financial transactions online.

Heirs may not even be aware of various financial accounts held by their loved one or, if they are, may not know where to find the account information. It may be stored on a locked computer, smartphone or lost in an email account that is password protected. During a time when someone is grieving the loss of a loved one, the added burden of retrieving their personal information and dealing with administrative contacts at multiple online service providers can create further strain and heartache.

For example, immediate family members or representatives may make formal requests to email providers in the event that a deceased person didn’t leave clear instructions regarding their online accounts. But user agreements can stipulate that a company will not provide login credentials or full account access even after death as part of their user security policy.

That can impede access to important email communications, spreadsheets, personal documents, photos and more. Some providers may offer users options for handling their email and associated accounts after a period of inactivity — options that may include access to data as determined by the user before their death.

Advice for Clients With Digital Property

When providing guidance to your clients, address the importance of including digital assets in their estate plans. An advance plan that includes a digital asset component can help minimize obstacles and administrative costs, and ensure that all digital property is accounted for and accessible in the event of their death. Beyond password protection, many people have opted for biometric access to their devices. This presents an additional level of difficulty for those left in charge. Consider a backup plan from the beginning with a question or code that only a trusted individual has in case this becomes necessary. Help your clients address the following issues in their planning.

Create a Complete List of Digital Assets

Include all online accounts, including social media, email, payment services, online shopping sites, financial institutions, insurance policies and others along with usernames and passwords. Clients should let their power of attorney or a trusted individual know how to access this list when they need to, and provide their permission and the circumstances for use. 

It’s imperative, however, to discuss cybersecurity with your clients; they should follow best practices to protect passwords, and store such a list in a secure location to prevent the information from getting into the wrong hands.

Back Up Important Data

In the same way that someone may keep copies of important financial information, birth certificates or other documentation in a safe deposit box, clients can also use a virtual safe deposit box for important electronic information. Various online services are available for backing up electronic data in the cloud in the event a computer crashes. Likewise, any digital assets stored exclusively on the cloud should also be regularly backed up onto a computer or hard drive to make access easier.

Provide Consent and Instructions

Estate planning documents should include wording that authorizes someone to be the executor of the deceased person’s digital estate. Such a legal document prepared by an estate planning attorney may allow a designated person to access, cancel, deactivate or delete digital accounts as specified. 

Even with legal documents in place, clients should review each platform’s individual terms of service. As previously mentioned, if an executor doesn’t have a list of usernames and passwords, the process for retrieving information can be arduous and access may be limited if not impossible.

Sometimes it’s good to be reminded that the internet is still a relatively new frontier for many people, especially older generations, and the world of online assets is still evolving. It’s best to work with clients to help eliminate ambiguity and difficulties for their loved ones when they’re gone by documenting their wishes and putting a digital asset plan in place.

Younger generations are often associated with being active online and especially on social media platforms, but many Millennials are also eager for sound investment advice and guidance on how to manage their finances, including information on annuities

If you’re looking for more insight to help you connect with this rising generation and grow your business into the future, access our report, 3  Myths About Millennials and the Truth Behind Them. Click the link below to download a copy.

3 Myths About Millennials Report Download


Written by: Sonja V. Hayes, J.D., LL.M, M.B.A., CLU, BFA

Sonja brings more than 20 years of experience in financial services to CUNA Mutual Group. With a focus on insurance product solutions, Sonja works with financial professionals, CPAs and attorneys to clarify the complexities of retirement and estate planning and income distribution.


1Pew Research,Internet/Broadband Fact Sheet, April 7, 2021.
2NordPass, New Research: Most People Have 70-80 Passwords, February 27, 2021.



Topics: Client Relationships